Global survey reveals challenge of buying well in today's private equity market
In the post global financial crisis phase, the question being asked more than ever is: how can private equity deliver its value-added promises? The fourth edition of the Grant Thornton Private Equity Report, an annual survey of 175 senior industry practitioners around the globe, finds a new focus on returns rather than entry multiples; secondary buyouts increasing in importance; and thirdly the significance of management in delivering the new plan.
Martin Goddard, partner at Grant Thornton UK LLP, said "Whilst the private equity market has benefited from wider exit options, an improvement in the fundraising climate and the easing of debt finance markets, the strong competition for deals that this environment creates has made it a real challenge to find good quality deals at good prices.
"More competition means one thing: higher prices. Higher prices at entry make it harder to achieve attractive returns at exit. This is driving a clear focus on the question around how sufficient value will be generated to justify the costs and returns associated with private equity capital."
It’s less about entry multiples and more about returns
This year’s survey shows that GPs expect entry multiples to continue to increase over the coming year. Not surprisingly, multiple arbitrage is seen as a far less significant driver of value than it once was. Only 2% of respondents highlight it as a key driver, while 66% underline the importance of portfolio company performance improvement. What is more, the majority of GPs regard themselves as ‘growth investors’, as opposed to ‘value investors’, further showing an acceptance of the need for a transformational approach to portfolio management in order to build the desired returns in today’s market. So while finding value remains important, it is more about having a strategy for generating performance improvement after the deal.
Martin Goddard continued: "Today’s ultra-competitive market requires an increased focus on performance improvement if the returns GPs are striving for are to be achieved. GPs will need to consider what impact this may have on their fundraising and liquidity realisation strategies if this emphasis implies longer hold periods within their portfolios.”
Secondary buyouts are a serious buy-side option, not just an exit make-weight
Secondary transactions are now a key part of the private equity market and are here to stay. Over two thirds (68%) of respondents believe the level of secondaries will increase over the coming year. Only 3% expect a decrease. Pressure on buying GPs to do deals and selling GPs to generate liquidity, as well as overall market maturity, are the main drivers of this continuing trend. The results suggest that GPs believe they are more likely to be net sellers than net buyers in terms of secondary deals (66% vs. 26%).
While there may be less value-add potential with secondary assets from the perspective of the buying GP, the fact that a company has already been through a private equity cycle has clear benefits for the acquirer. In a market where deal origination is challenging, a premium is increasingly placed on greater transparency and lower deal execution risk.
Martin Goddard added: “The questions of whether sufficient value has been left on the table, and how the perceived value can be unlocked, will feature strongly in decision making for secondary transactions. Understanding how the motivation of the management team may change if they are permitted to realise value as part of the transaction will be a key consideration in addressing these questions.”
It pays to understand management team capability early in the deal process
Over three quarters of respondents believe that buying a good company in an average market is better than buying an average company in a good market. Much of what defines a good company, and indeed a key reason for GPs paying a premium, comes down to the strength of the management team in GPs’ eyes.
In the current environment especially, being able to accurately assess management’s ability to implement the post-acquisition plan is a vital part of investment decision making. Despite this, management issues are the single largest reason for a deal to collapse at the due diligence stage, suggesting that GPs need to assess and addressing management quality as early as possible within the deal cycle.
Martin Goddard commented: “As part of the origination process, investors are often able to form a good view of the capability of a narrow selection of the senior management team. A far broader and deeper perspective is needed of the entire management team's ability to deliver a new business plan. More emphasis on developing this understanding, ahead of detailed diligence processes, is a valuable step in mitigating deal execution risk.”
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John Vita, Director, public relations and external affairs, +1 312 602 8955